Migration Trends Across the Mediterranean: Connecting the Dots

This study, by Altai Consulting for IOM’s Regional Office for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), creates a fresh and updated understanding of the dynamics of migration flows across the Mediterranean. Fieldwork was conducted between November 2014 and February 2015 across seven countries in the MENA region and Europe (Egypt, Italy, Libya, Malta, Morocco, Spain and Tunisia), and involved in-depth interviews with more than 130 migrants and key informants across all locations. The study particularly focuses on two routes: the Western Mediterranean route from Morocco to Spain, and the Central Mediterranean route from North Africa (typically Libya or Egypt) to Italy or Malta.